Malignant ascites

Malignant ascites is ascites which is caused by certain types of advanced cancer, including ovarian, breast, pancreatic, lung, liver, colon/rectum and lymphoma cancer. The use of diuretics and a salt-restricted diet is rarely effective in the treatment of malignant ascites.

The use of chemotherapy drugs delivered directly into the abdominal cavity may stop the accumulation of ascites, but this relief is temporary and the ascites inevitably reappears. Patients may require repeat paracentesis for symptomatic relief.