Cirrhotic ascites

Cirrhotic ascites forms as the result of a sequence of events which are usually asymptomatic. Following the development of scar tissue within the liver, portal hypertension is likely occur.

As portal hypertension develops, various biological factors will tend to over come the apparition of portal hypertension with the release locally of vasodilators. A chain of cascades will follow affecting the splanchnic blood flow and arterial pressures, which will results activation of different other mechanisms and resulting in sodium and water retention.